The Duty of CouncilmanThe council members must perform their duties sincerely upon their conscience with considering public interests. The council members are under obligation to be upright and must keep his/her dignity.
The council members must not abuse power to gain the property right or position with the contracting with the local government, public organization or enterprise and also must not request position for other persons.
The Term of Office
The term of council member is different for case. In case of other countries, for example, 6 years in France and Spain, 5 years in Thailand, and parts of US, 4 years in Japan, UK, Italy, Taiwan, and parts of US, 3 years in Malaysia, and 1 or 2 years, and so on. In our case, it was 4 years in 1949, 3 years in 1956, and 4 years again in 1958 revised law, and 4 years in 1990 revised law.
If the term is long, there are merits like continuous of council, reduction of election expense, and mastery of council member's work. But if the term is short, there are merits like expansion of citizen's political rights and prevention of neglect of member's duty. And also, if the term is long, it is possible to change some members for 2 or 3 years.
The new term of office will begin the day after the last day of the former member. In case of some reasons, so the election is held after the termination of the term, the new term will begin from the election day. The term of by-election or re-election will begin from the election day and last for the remains of the former member's term. If there are some administrative actions, the term can be adjusted by extra standard.
The qualification of the council member is terminated by resignation, retirement, resolution of disqualification, expulsion except termination of the term.